Lord Henry Brougham 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux
Biography of Lord Henry Brougham 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux
Henry Peter Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux (1778-1868) was Rector of the University from 1824 to 1826.
Born in Edinburgh, Brougham studied at the University there. He was one of the founders of and contributors to the influential journal the Edinburgh Review. He was called to the Scottish Bar before moving to London, where he was called to the Bar in 1808. Brougham became a prominent Whig and rose to the position of Lord Chancellor in 1830. The Brougham, a small horse-drawn, four-wheeled carriage, was named in his honour.
Brougham contested the 1824 Rectorial election with the novelist Sir Walter Scott and the lawyer and writer Henry Mackenzie. He tied with Sir Walter and won the election on the casting vote of the outgoing Rector, Sir James Mackintosh.