James Hamilton 1st Duke of Hamilton
Biography of James Hamilton 1st Duke of Hamilton
James, 1st Duke of Hamilton
James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton (1606-1649) was Chancellor of the University from 1642 until his death. In 1631, he gifted 1,000 marks to the building fund.
The Duke was King Charles I's principal adviser on Scottish affairs and was one of Britain's most powerful politicians. He was created Duke of Hamilton in 1643. In 1648 he led the Scottish army that was routed by the Parliamentarians under Oliver Cromwell at the Battle of Preston. Found guilty of treason in England (where he was Earl of Cambridge), the Duke was beheaded in London. His gift of 1,000 marks was recovered by the University from his forfeited estates in 1656.
The University did not acquire a new chancellor from Hamilton's death in 1649 until the appointment of John Thurloe in 1658.